Deformities of the lower limbs or upper extremities

Deformities of the lower limbs (legs and feet) can develop before a child is born, during early childhood or from a traumatic injury. They may vary in severity from minor cosmetic issues, all the way down through deformed bones which could lead to disabilities and early arthritis of the joint. Lower limb deformity correction is often done at the same time as limb lengthening surgery to achieve a better outcome. 

How Is a Lower Limb/Foot Deformity Corrected?

Using a highly successful & effective procedure, Dr. Thabet will perform an Osteotomy – a surgical procedure where the bone is cut and realigned to the correct position. To stabilize the joint, Dr. Thabet will apply a device, such as an external fixation (frame that attaches to the end of the bone), which will allow the new bone to grow in the corrected position.

Deformity correction can be achieved instantly in the operating room or through gradual correction using external fixators; both options will present pros and cons. Every patient & limb deformity is different and the options Dr. Thabet presents will be highly individualized to the patient and the magnitude of the deformity.

Common Conditions for Lower Limb Correction Surgery:

  • Flat foot or fallen arches –  the natural arch of the foot fails to develop or collapses.
  • Bowed legs – abnormal outward curve in one or both legs, e.g. Blount’s disease.
  • Knock knee or Genu Valgus – Knee deformity with knee(s) pointing outward.
  • Post Traumatic Deformities – Malunion of the extremities.
  • High arch – the foot arch becomes abnormally pronounced, causing pain in the ball and heel of the foot.
  • Tarsal coalition – two or more tarsal bones fuse.
  • Club foot – Congenital abnormality that causes a child’s foot to twist inwards at the ankle.
  • Complex wrist, elbow & shoulder deformities